Zscaler Reports Second Quarter Fiscal 2023 Financial Results

Second Quarter Highlights

  • Revenue grows 52% year-over-year to $387.6 million
  • Calculated billings grows 34% year-over-year to $493.8 million
  • Deferred revenue grows 46% year-over-year to $1,111.9 million
  • GAAP net loss of $57.5 million compared to GAAP net loss of $100.4 million on a year-over-year basis
  • Non-GAAP net income of $57.6 million compared to non-GAAP net income of $19.2 million on a year-over-year basis

SAN JOSE, Calif., March 02, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Zscaler, Inc. (Nasdaq: ZS), the leader in cloud security, today announced financial results for its second quarter of fiscal year 2023, ended January 31, 2023.

“We exceeded both our revenue and profitability guidance in Q2, demonstrating the operating leverage inherent in our business model,” said Jay Chaudhry, Chairman and CEO of Zscaler. “Even in this difficult macroeconomic environment, we continue to see customers consolidate multiple point products onto our integrated Zero Trust security platform for better security and lower cost. We believe that strong customer interest in our platform, together with the growth in our annual recurring revenue base, supports the increase to our fiscal year guidance.”

Second Quarter Fiscal 2023 Financial Highlights

  • Revenue: $387.6 million, an increase of 52% year-over-year.
  • Income (loss) from operations: GAAP loss from operations was $65.2 million, or 17% of revenue, compared to $83.9 million, or 33% of revenue, in the second quarter of fiscal 2022. Non-GAAP income from operations was $48.8 million, or 13% of revenue, compared to $22.3 million, or 9% of revenue, in the second quarter of fiscal 2022.
  • Net income (loss): GAAP net loss was $57.5 million, compared to $100.4 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2022. Non-GAAP net income was $57.6 million, compared to $19.2 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2022.
  • Net income (loss) per share: GAAP net loss per share was $0.40, compared to $0.71 in the second quarter of fiscal 2022. Non-GAAP net income per share was $0.37, compared to $0.13 in the second quarter of fiscal 2022.
  • Cash flow: Cash provided by operations was $89.5 million, or 23% of revenue, compared to $48.3 million, or 19% of revenue, in the second quarter of fiscal 2022. Free cash flow was $62.8 million, or 16% of revenue, compared to $29.4 million, or 12% of revenue, in the second quarter of fiscal 2022.
  • Deferred revenue: $1,111.9 million as of January 31, 2023, an increase of 46% year-over-year.
  • Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments: $1,905.3 million as of January 31, 2023, an increase of $174.0 million from July 31, 2022.

Recent Business Highlights

  • Achieved a rating of AA in the MSCI ESG Ratings assessment, putting Zscaler in the leader category for its ability to manage ESG risks relative to industry peers.
  • Released new integrations with Zoom Video Communications, Inc. Quality of Service Subscription offering and Zscaler Digital Experience™ monitoring service to deliver IT and helpdesk teams near real-time quality performance metrics and analytics to quickly troubleshoot issues within devices, networks, or services that impact employee collaboration.
  • Announced that Zscaler Private Access™ has achieved FedRAMP Moderate authorization, making Zscaler the only cloud security service provider to have its core services now authorized through the U.S. Federal government’s FedRAMP program at High and Moderate levels. Government agencies and their contractors can use the Zscaler Zero Trust Exchange™ platform for systems that manage their most sensitive information and protect against cyber threats.
  • Released annual State of Encrypted Attacks Report, which details the analysis of more than 24 billion threats to track trends of HTTPS-based attacks. The research leveraged insights from more than 300 trillion daily signals and 270 billion daily transactions in the Zscaler Zero Trust Exchange™.
  • Reinforced commitment to improving the nation’s cyber resiliency by joining the Joint Cyber Defense Collaborative (JCDC). The JCDC leads the development and implementation of joint cyber defense plans and operations through critical partnerships with the private sector, Federal government and state, local, tribal and territorial governments.
  • Introduced Zscaler Resilience™, the industry’s first cloud resilience for SSE to ensure nonstop cloud security operations. New capabilities extend the resilience of Zscaler’s architecture and maintain interconnections with critical cloud-based applications for customers to prepare for and quickly recover from black swan events that could otherwise disrupt or stop business operations.
  • Acquired Canonic Security™ in February 2023, a SaaS application security platform innovator. Canonic’s platform is designed to prevent organizations’ growing risks of SaaS supply chain attacks. These new capabilities further expand the Zscaler Zero Trust Exchange™ data protection set of services enabling enterprises to protect data being accessed through third-party applications and integrations.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

Effective August 1, 2022, the beginning of our fiscal year ending July 31, 2023, we adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2020-06, Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging – Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40) (ASU 2020-06), using the modified retrospective transition method. The adoption of this standard resulted in the elimination of the debt discount and related amortization as interest expense and the classification of the portion of the debt issuance costs initially allocated to equity within the carrying amount of our senior convertible notes, which will be amortized as interest expense. Additionally, ASU 2020-06 amended the calculation of diluted earnings per share for certain convertible debt instruments, eliminating the treasury stock method and requiring the use of the if-converted method to compute the underlying potentially diluted shares. Accordingly, to account for the potentially diluted shares related to our senior convertible notes, we are required to add back the non-GAAP interest expense to our non-GAAP net income and include approximately 7.63 million shares related to our senior convertible notes beginning in our first quarter of fiscal year 2023.

Financial Outlook

For the third quarter of fiscal 2023, we expect:

  • Total revenue of $396 million to $398 million
  • Non-GAAP income from operations of $55 million to $56 million 
  • Non-GAAP net income per share of approximately $0.39, assuming approximately 156 million fully diluted shares outstanding using the “if-converted” method for our senior convertible notes

For the full year fiscal 2023, we expect:

  • Total revenue of approximately $1.558 billion to $1.563 billion
  • Calculated billings of $1.935 billion to $1.945 billion
  • Non-GAAP income from operations of $213 million to $215 million
  • Non-GAAP net income per share of $1.52 to $1.53, assuming approximately 156 million fully diluted shares outstanding using the “if-converted” method for our senior convertible notes

These statements are forward-looking and actual results may differ materially. Refer to the Forward-Looking Statements safe harbor below for information on the factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from these forward-looking statements.

Guidance for non-GAAP income from operations excludes stock-based compensation expense and related employer payroll taxes, amortization expense of acquired intangible assets, amortization of debt discount and issuance costs. As a result of the adoption of ASU 2020-06 on August 1, 2022, guidance for non-GAAP net income per share uses the if-converted method to calculate the potentially diluted shares related to the convertible senior notes. Accordingly, we are required to add back the non-GAAP interest expense to our non-GAAP net income and include approximately 7.63 million shares related to our senior convertible notes. Additionally, we include the anti-dilutive impact of the capped call transactions entered into in connection with the convertible senior notes. We have not reconciled our expectations to non-GAAP income from operations and non-GAAP net income per share to their most directly comparable GAAP measures because certain items are out of our control or cannot be reasonably predicted. For those reasons, we are also unable to address the probable significance of the unavailable information, the variability of which may have a significant impact on future results. Accordingly, a reconciliation for the guidance for non-GAAP income from operations and non-GAAP net income per share is not available without unreasonable effort.

Conference Call and Webcast Information

Zscaler will host a conference call for analysts and investors to discuss its second quarter of fiscal 2023 and outlook for its third quarter of fiscal 2023 and full year fiscal 2023 today at 1:30 p.m. Pacific time (4:30 p.m. Eastern time).

  Date: Thursday, March 2, 2023
  Time: 1:30 p.m. PT
  Webcast: https://ir.zscaler.com
  Dial-in: To join by phone, register at the following link (https://register.vevent.com/register/BI3c2ea9d4237a411bb5d1a1a67a3dc80c). After registering, you will be provided with a dial-in number and personal PIN required to join the call.

Upcoming Conferences

Third quarter of fiscal 2023 investor conference participation schedule:

  • Morgan Stanley TMT Conference in San Francisco
    Monday, March 6, 2023
  • JMP Technology Conference in San Francisco
    Tuesday, March 7, 2023

Sessions which offer a webcast will be available on the Investor Relations section of the Zscaler website at https://ir.zscaler.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, statements regarding our future financial and operating performance, including our financial outlook for the third quarter of fiscal 2023 and full year fiscal 2023. There are a significant number of factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from statements made in this press release, including but not limited to: macroeconomic influences and instability, including the ongoing effects of inflation, geopolitical events and the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, operations and financial results and the economy in general; our limited operating history; our ability to identify and effectively implement the necessary changes to address execution challenges; risks associated with managing our rapid growth, including fluctuations from period to period; our limited experience with new product and subscription and support introductions and the risks associated with new products and subscription and support offerings, including the discovery of software bugs; our ability to attract and retain new customers; the failure to timely develop and achieve market acceptance of new products and subscriptions as well as existing products and subscription and support; rapidly evolving technological developments in the market for network security products and subscription and support offerings and our ability to remain competitive; length of sales cycles; and general market, political, economic and business conditions.

Additional risks and uncertainties that could affect our financial results are included under the captions “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” set forth from time to time in our filings and reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), including our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended October 31, 2022 filed on December 7, 2022 and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended July 31, 2022 filed on September 15, 2022, as well as future filings and reports by us, copies of which are available on our website at ir.zscaler.com and on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. You should not rely on these forward-looking statements, as actual outcomes and results may differ materially from those contemplated by these forward-looking statements as a result of such risks and uncertainties. Additional information will also be set forth in other filings that we make with the SEC from time to time. All forward-looking statements in this press release are based on information available to us as of the date hereof, and we do not assume any obligation to update the forward-looking statements provided to reflect events that occur or circumstances that exist after the date on which they were made.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Information

We believe that the presentation of non-GAAP financial information provides important supplemental information to management and investors regarding financial and business trends relating to our financial condition and results of operations. For further information regarding why we believe that these non-GAAP measures provide useful information to investors, the specific manner in which management uses these measures, and some of the limitations associated with the use of these measures, please refer to the “Explanation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of this press release.

About Zscaler

Zscaler (Nasdaq: ZS) accelerates digital transformation so customers can be more agile, efficient, resilient, and secure. The Zscaler Zero Trust Exchange™ platform protects thousands of customers from cyberattacks and data loss by securely connecting users, devices, and applications in any location. Distributed across more than 150 data centers globally, the SSE-based Zero Trust Exchange is the world’s largest in-line cloud security platform.

Zscaler™ and the other trademarks listed at https://www.zscaler.com/legal/trademarks are either (i) registered trademarks or service marks or (ii) trademarks or service marks of Zscaler, Inc. in the United States and/or other countries. Any other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.

Investor Relations Contacts

Bill Choi, CFA
SVP, Investor Relations and Strategic Finance
(408) 816-1478
[email protected]

Natalia Wodecki
Media Relations Contact
[email protected]

ZSCALER, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(unaudited)
               
  Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
  January 31,   January 31,
    2023       2022       2023       2022  
Revenue $         387,598     $         255,563     $         743,146     $         486,080  
Cost of revenue (1) (2)           87,604               57,783               164,301               109,952  
Gross profit           299,994               197,780               578,845               376,128  
Operating expenses:              
Sales and marketing (1) (2)           235,945               175,073               464,781               328,859  
Research and development (1) (2)           85,765               69,195               160,711               134,411  
General and administrative (1)           43,522               37,444               87,678               71,161  
Total operating expenses           365,232               281,712               713,170               534,431  
Loss from operations           (65,238 )             (83,932 )             (134,325 )             (158,303 )
Interest income           12,669               557               20,534               1,030  
Interest expense (3) (4)           (1,333 )             (14,040 )             (2,664 )             (27,875 )
Other income (expense), net           141               (844 )             (722 )             (1,433 )
Loss before income taxes           (53,761 )             (98,259 )             (117,177 )             (186,581 )
Provision for income taxes           3,692               2,161               8,438               4,640  
Net loss $         (57,453 )   $         (100,420 )   $         (125,615 )   $         (191,221 )
Net loss per share, basic and diluted $         (0.40 )   $         (0.71 )   $         (0.87 )   $         (1.37 )
Weighted-average shares used in computing net loss per share, basic and diluted           144,511               140,515               144,001               139,901  

(1) Includes stock-based compensation expense and related payroll taxes as follows:

Cost of revenue $         9,595     $         5,766     $         18,256     $         11,085  
Sales and marketing           55,213               47,666               110,682               91,130  
Research and development           29,380               30,000               54,613               58,570  
General and administrative           17,330               20,613               36,603               39,354  
Total $         111,518     $         104,045     $         220,154     $         200,139  

(2) Includes amortization expense of acquired intangible assets as follows:

Cost of revenue $         2,175     $         2,000     $         4,114     $         4,056  
Sales and marketing           178               178               356               348  
Research and development           198               53               633               53  
Total $         2,551     $         2,231     $         5,103     $         4,457  
                               
(3) Includes amortization of debt discount and issuance costs as follows (4): $ 973     $ 13,680     $ 1,945     $ 27,156  

(4) Effective August 1, 2022, we adopted ASU 2020-06 using the modified retrospective method under which prior period amounts have not been adjusted. The adoption of this standard resulted in the elimination of the debt discount and related amortization as interest expense and the classification of the portion of the debt issuance costs initially allocated to equity within the carrying amount of the senior convertible notes, which will be recognized as interest expense.

ZSCALER, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
  January 31,   July 31,
    2023       2022  
Assets      
Current assets:      
Cash and cash equivalents $         1,257,012     $         1,013,210  
Short-term investments           648,332               718,129  
Accounts receivable, net           358,614               399,745  
Deferred contract acquisition costs           96,105               86,210  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets           56,046               39,353  
Total current assets           2,416,109               2,256,647  
Property and equipment, net           200,468               160,633  
Operating lease right-of-use assets           69,848               72,357  
Deferred contract acquisition costs, noncurrent           219,046               210,792  
Acquired intangible assets, net           26,716               31,819  
Goodwill           78,547               78,547  
Other noncurrent assets           29,222               21,870  
Total assets $         3,039,956     $         2,832,665  
       
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity      
Current liabilities:      
Accounts payable $         33,632     $         26,154  
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities           43,547               46,496  
Accrued compensation           97,293               111,948  
Deferred revenue           1,000,359               923,749  
Operating lease liabilities           29,173               26,100  
Total current liabilities           1,204,004               1,134,447  
Convertible senior notes, net (1)           1,140,516               968,674  
Deferred revenue, noncurrent           111,521               97,374  
Operating lease liabilities, noncurrent           46,233               50,948  
Other noncurrent liabilities           9,025               7,922  
Total liabilities           2,511,299               2,259,365  
Stockholders’ Equity      
Common stock           145               143  
Additional paid-in capital           1,547,203               1,590,885  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss           (5,037 )             (25,850 )
Accumulated deficit           (1,013,654 )             (991,878 )
Total stockholders’ equity           528,657               573,300  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $         3,039,956     $         2,832,665  

___________________

(1) Effective August 1, 2022, we adopted ASU 2020-06 using the modified retrospective method under which prior period amounts have not been adjusted. The adoption of this standard resulted in the elimination of the debt discount and related amortization as interest expense and the classification of the portion of the debt issuance costs initially allocated to equity within the carrying amount of our senior convertible notes, which will be recognized as interest expense.

ZSCALER, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
  Six Months Ended
  January 31,
    2023       2022  
Cash Flows from Operating Activities      
Net loss $         (125,615 )   $         (191,221 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash provided by operating activities:      
Depreciation and amortization expense           25,241               19,005  
Amortization expense of acquired intangible assets           5,103               4,457  
Amortization of deferred contract acquisition costs           46,053               31,038  
Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs (1)           1,945               27,156  
Non-cash operating lease costs           14,988               12,411  
Stock-based compensation expense           214,911               188,891  
Amortization (accretion) of investments purchased at a premium (discount)           (1,433 )             4,662  
Deferred income taxes           9               (659 )
Other           (1,480 )             295  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of business acquisitions      
Accounts receivable           40,800               (12,622 )
Deferred contract acquisition costs           (64,202 )             (58,513 )
Prepaid expenses, other current and noncurrent assets           (7,800 )             4,903  
Accounts payable           5,228               (103 )
Accrued expenses, other current and noncurrent liabilities           5,899               5,029  
Accrued compensation           (17,651 )             (9,759 )
Deferred revenue           90,862               129,594  
Operating lease liabilities           (14,920 )             (13,031 )
Net cash provided by operating activities           217,938               141,533  
Cash Flows from Investing Activities      
Purchases of property, equipment and other assets           (43,883 )             (20,442 )
Capitalized internal-use software           (15,623 )             (8,275 )
Payments for business acquisitions, net of cash acquired           —               (380 )
Purchase of strategic investments           (1,200 )             —  
Purchases of short-term investments           (513,743 )             (624,254 )
Proceeds from maturities of short-term investments           586,801               629,411  
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities           12,352               (23,940 )
Cash Flows from Financing Activities      
Proceeds from issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options           2,104               4,871  
Proceeds from issuance of common stock under the employee stock purchase plan           11,410               11,509  
Payment of deferred consideration related to business acquisitions           —               (50 )
Other           (2 )             (2 )
Net cash provided by financing activities           13,512               16,328  
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents (2)           243,802               133,921  
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period (2)           1,013,210               275,898  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period (2) $         1,257,012     $         409,819  

___________________

(1) Effective August 1, 2022, we adopted ASU 2020-06 using the modified retrospective method under which prior period amounts have not been adjusted. The adoption of this standard resulted in the elimination of the debt discount and related amortization as interest expense and the classification of the portion of the debt issuance costs initially allocated to equity within the carrying amount of the senior convertible notes, which will be recognized as interest expense.

(2) We did not hold restricted cash for any periods presented.

ZSCALER, INC.
Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures
(in thousands, except percentages)
(unaudited)
               
  Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
  January 31,   January 31,
   2023    2022    2023    2022
               
Revenue $         387,598       $         255,563       $         743,146       $         486,080    
               
Non-GAAP Gross Profit and Non-GAAP Gross Margin              
GAAP gross profit $         299,994       $         197,780       $         578,845       $         376,128    
Add: Stock-based compensation expense and related payroll taxes           9,595                 5,766                 18,256                 11,085    
Add: Amortization expense of acquired intangible assets           2,175                 2,000                 4,114                 4,056    
Non-GAAP gross profit $         311,764       $         205,546       $         601,215       $         391,269    
GAAP gross margin           77   %             77   %             78   %             77   %
Non-GAAP gross margin           80   %             80   %             81   %             80   %
               
Non-GAAP Income from Operations and Non-GAAP Operating Margin              
GAAP loss from operations $         (65,238 )     $         (83,932 )     $         (134,325 )     $         (158,303 )  
Add: Stock-based compensation expense and related payroll taxes           111,518                 104,045                 220,154                 200,139    
Add: Amortization expense of acquired intangible assets           2,551                 2,231                 5,103                 4,457    
Non-GAAP income from operations $         48,831       $         22,344       $         90,932       $         46,293    
GAAP operating margin   (17 ) %     (33 ) %     (18 ) %     (33 ) %
Non-GAAP operating margin           13   %             9   %             12   %             10   %

ZSCALER, INC.
Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(unaudited)
               
  Three Months Ended   Six months ended
  January 31,   January 31,
    2023       2022       2023       2022  
Non-GAAP Net Income per Share, Diluted              
GAAP net loss $         (57,453 )   $         (100,420 )   $         (125,615 )   $         (191,221 )
Stock-based compensation expense and related payroll taxes           111,518               104,045               220,154               200,139  
Amortization expense of acquired intangible assets           2,551               2,231               5,103               4,457  
Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs (1)           973               13,680               1,945               27,156  
Benefit for income taxes (2)           —               (361 )             —               (361 )
Non-GAAP net income $         57,589     $         19,175     $         101,587     $         40,170  
               
Add: Non-GAAP interest expense (1)           360               —               719               —  
Numerator used in computing non-GAAP net income per share, diluted $         57,949     $         19,175     $         102,306     $         40,170  
               
GAAP net loss per share, diluted $         (0.40 )   $         (0.71 )   $         (0.87 )   $         (1.37 )
Stock-based compensation expense and related payroll taxes           0.72               0.70               1.42               1.35  
Amortization expense of acquired intangible assets           0.02               0.01               0.03               0.03  
Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs           0.01               0.09               0.01               0.18  
Benefit for income taxes (2)           —               —               —               —  
Non-GAAP interest expense (1)           —               —               —               —  
Adjustment to total fully diluted earnings per share (3)           0.02               0.04               0.07               0.08  
Non-GAAP net income per share, diluted (1) $         0.37     $         0.13     $         0.66     $         0.27  
               
Weighted-average shares used in computing GAAP net loss per share, diluted           144,511               140,515               144,001               139,901  
Add: Outstanding equity incentive awards           2,605               6,834               3,229               7,267  
Add: Senior convertible notes (1)           7,626               3,853               7,626               3,631  
Less: Antidilutive impact of capped call transactions (4)           —               (2,401 )             —               (2,542 )
Weighted-average shares used in computing non-GAAP net income per share, diluted (1)           154,742               148,801               154,856               148,257  

___________________

(1) Effective August 1, 2022, we adopted ASU 2020-06 using the modified retrospective method under which prior period amounts have not been adjusted. The adoption of this standard resulted in the elimination of the debt discount and related amortization as interest expense and the classification of the portion of the debt issuance costs initially allocated to equity within the carrying amount of the senior convertible notes, which will be recognized as interest expense. Additionally, this standard amended the calculation of diluted earnings per share for certain convertible debt instruments, eliminating the treasury stock method and requiring the use of the if-converted method to compute the underlying potentially diluted shares. Accordingly, to account for the potentially diluted shares related to the senior convertible notes, we are required to add back the non-GAAP interest expense to our non-GAAP net income and include approximately 7.63 million shares related to the senior convertible notes beginning in our first quarter of fiscal year 2023.

(2) We use our GAAP provision for income taxes for purposes of determining our non-GAAP income tax expense. The difference between our GAAP and non-GAAP income tax expense represents the effects of stock-based compensation expense recognized in foreign jurisdictions. The income tax benefit related to stock-based compensation expense included in the GAAP provision for income taxes was not material for all periods presented.

(3) The sum of the fully diluted earnings per share impact of individual reconciling items may not total to fully diluted non-GAAP net income per share due to the weighted-average shares used in computing the GAAP net loss per share differing from the weighted-average shares used in computing the non-GAAP net income per share and due to rounding of the individual reconciling items. The GAAP net loss per share calculation uses a lower share count as it excludes potentially dilutive shares, which are included in calculating the non-GAAP net income per share.

(4) We exclude the in-the-money portion of the convertible senior notes for non-GAAP weighted-average diluted shares as they are covered by our capped call transactions. Our outstanding capped call transactions are antidilutive under GAAP, but are expected to mitigate the dilutive effect of the convertible senior notes and therefore are included in the calculation of non-GAAP diluted shares outstanding. No antidilutive impact was reflected in the three and six months ended January 31, 2023, as the average stock price of our common stock in such periods was lower than the capped calls’ exercise price.

ZSCALER, INC.
Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures
(in thousands, except percentages)
(unaudited)
               
  Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
  January 31,   January 31,
   2023    2022    2023    2022
Calculated billings              
Revenue $         387,598       $         255,563       $         743,146       $         486,080    
Add: Total deferred revenue, end of period           1,111,880                 759,931                 1,111,880                 759,931    
Less: Total deferred revenue, beginning of period           (1,005,713 )               (647,816 )               (1,021,123 )               (630,601 )  
Calculated billings $         493,765       $         367,678       $         833,903       $         615,410    
               
Free cash flow              
Net cash provided by operating activities $         89,481       $         48,262       $         217,938       $         141,533    
Less: Purchases of property, equipment and other assets           (18,681 )               (13,988 )               (43,883 )               (20,442 )  
Less: Capitalized internal-use software           (7,982 )               (4,825 )               (15,623 )               (8,275 )  
Free cash flow $         62,818       $         29,449       $         158,432       $         112,816    
               
Free cash flow margin              
Net cash provided by operating activities, as a percentage of revenue           23   %             19   %             29   %             29   %
Less: Purchases of property, equipment and other assets, as a percentage of revenue   (5 ) %     (5 ) %     (6 ) %     (4 ) %
Less: Capitalized internal-use software, as a percentage of revenue   (2 ) %     (2 ) %     (2 ) %     (2 ) %
Free cash flow margin           16   %             12   %             21   %             23   %


ZSCALER, INC.
Explanation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to our results determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (GAAP), we believe the following non-GAAP measures are useful in evaluating our operating performance. We use the following non-GAAP financial information to evaluate our ongoing operations and for internal planning and forecasting purposes. We believe that non-GAAP financial information, when taken collectively, may be helpful to investors because it provides consistency and comparability with past financial performance. However, non-GAAP financial information is presented for supplemental informational purposes only, has limitations as an analytical tool and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for financial information presented in accordance with GAAP. In particular, free cash flow is not a substitute for cash provided by operating activities. Additionally, the utility of free cash flow as a measure of our liquidity is further limited as it does not represent the total increase or decrease in our cash balance for a given period. In addition, other companies, including companies in our industry, may calculate similarly-titled non-GAAP measures differently or may use other measures to evaluate their performance, all of which could reduce the usefulness of our non-GAAP financial measures as tools for comparison. A reconciliation of our historical non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable financial measures stated in accordance with GAAP has been included in this press release. Investors are cautioned that there are a number of limitations associated with the use of non-GAAP financial measures and key metrics as analytical tools. Investors are encouraged to review these reconciliations, and not to rely on any single financial measure to evaluate our business.

Expenses Excluded from Non-GAAP Measures

Stock-based compensation expense is excluded primarily because it is a non-cash expense that management believes is not reflective of our ongoing operational performance. Employer payroll taxes related to stock-based compensation, which is a cash expense, are excluded because these are tied to the timing and size of the exercise or vesting of the underlying equity awards and the price of our common stock at the time of vesting or exercise, which may vary from period to period independent of the operating performance of our business. Amortization expense of intangible assets acquired in business acquisitions and related income tax effects, if applicable, are excluded because these are considered by management to be outside of our core business operating performance. Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs from the convertible senior notes are excluded because these are non-cash expenses and are not reflective of our ongoing operational performance. We estimate the tax effect of these items on our non-GAAP results and may adjust our GAAP provision for income taxes, if such effects have a material impact to our non-GAAP results.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Non-GAAP Gross Profit and Non-GAAP Gross Margin. We define non-GAAP gross profit as GAAP gross profit excluding stock-based compensation expense and related employer payroll taxes and amortization expense of acquired intangible assets. We define non-GAAP gross margin as non-GAAP gross profit as a percentage of revenue.

Non-GAAP Income from Operations and Non-GAAP Operating Margin. We define non-GAAP income from operations as GAAP loss from operations excluding stock-based compensation expense and related employer payroll taxes and amortization expense of acquired intangible assets. We define non-GAAP operating margin as non-GAAP income from operations as a percentage of revenue.

Non-GAAP Net Income per Share, Diluted. We define non-GAAP net income as GAAP net loss excluding stock-based compensation expense and related employer payroll taxes, amortization expense of acquired intangible assets, amortization of debt discount and issuance costs, and income tax effects generated by the effects of stock-based compensation expense recognized in foreign jurisdictions. We define non-GAAP net income per share, diluted, as non-GAAP net income plus the non-GAAP interest expense divided by the weighted-average diluted shares outstanding, which includes the effect of potentially diluted common stock equivalents outstanding during the period and the anti-dilutive impact of the capped call transactions entered into in connection with the convertible senior notes.

Calculated Billings. We define calculated billings as revenue plus the change in deferred revenue in a period. Calculated billings in any particular period aims to reflect amounts invoiced for subscriptions to access our cloud platform, together with related support services for our new and existing customers. We typically invoice our customers annually in advance, and to a lesser extent quarterly in advance, monthly in advance or multi-year in advance.

Free Cash Flow and Free Cash Flow Margin. We define free cash flow as net cash provided by operating activities less purchases of property, equipment and other assets and capitalized internal-use software. We define free cash flow margin as free cash flow divided by revenue. We believe that free cash flow and free cash flow margin are useful indicators of liquidity that provide information to management and investors about the amount of cash generated from our operations that, after the investments in property, equipment and other assets and capitalized internal-use software, can be used for strategic initiatives.

Disclaimer: The above press release comes to you under an arrangement with GlobeNewswire. TheTechOutlook.com takes no editorial responsibility for the same.




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